Sabtu, 27 Januari 2024 | 11:55am
 Foto fail REUTERS
Foto fail REUTERS

Taiwan kesan 33 pesawat tentera China di sekitar pulau

Taiwan kesan 33 pesawat tentera China di sekitar pulau

Taipei, 27 Jan 2024 (AFP) -

Lebih 30 pesawat tentera China dikesan di sekitar Taiwan dalam tingkap 24 jam, kata kementerian pertahanan Taipei pada hari Sabtu, menandakan pertunjukan kekerasan terbesar di sekitar pulau itu sejak ia mengadakan pilihan raya penting.

China mendakwa Taiwan sebagai sebahagian daripada wilayahnya, dan tidak pernah meninggalkan penggunaan kekerasan untuk cuba membawa pulau yang diperintah sendiri di bawah kawalannya.

Menjelang tinjauan pendapat 13 Januari di Taiwan, Beijing memberi amaran kepada pengundi bahawa calon presiden Lai Ching-te - naib presiden semasa yang digelar China sebagai "pemisah berbahaya" - akan membawa "perang dan kemerosotan" jika dipilih untuk memimpin.

Lai masih memenangi pilihan raya, memperoleh penggal ketiga yang belum pernah berlaku sebelum ini untuk Parti Progresif Demokratik, yang telah lama menolak tuntutan wilayah China ke atas Taiwan.

Dalam 24 jam menjelang 6:00 pagi Sabtu (2200 GMT Jumaat), Kementerian Pertahanan Negara mengesan 33 pesawat tentera China dan tujuh kapal tentera laut yang beroperasi di sekitar Taiwan, katanya dalam satu kenyataan.

Tiga belas daripada pesawat itu "melintasi garis tengah Selat Taiwan", katanya.

Angkatan bersenjata Taiwan telah "memantau keadaan dan menggunakan pesawat (rondaan udara), kapal Tentera Laut, dan sistem peluru berpandu pantai sebagai tindak balas kepada aktiviti yang dikesan."

Dua belon China turut dikesan melintasi Selat Taiwan yang sensitif, yang memisahkan China dari pulau itu.

Pertunjukan kekerasan juga dilakukan selepas lawatan dua penggubal undang-undang AS ke Taipei untuk bertemu Presiden Lai dan pasangannya Hsiao Bi-khim - dikritik oleh Beijing sebagai "duo kemerdekaan."

Lai pada masa lalu telah lantang bersuara tentang isu itu - garis merah untuk China - menggelar dirinya sebagai "pekerja pragmatik kemerdekaan Taiwan."

Tetapi dia telah menyederhanakan pendiriannya dan berikrar untuk mengikuti laluan Presiden Tsai Ing-wen untuk mengekalkan status quo sambil memperkukuh keupayaan pertahanan pulau itu.

Dua hari selepas pemilihannya, negara Pasifik Nauru mengumumkan ia menukar hubungan diplomatiknya dari Taipei ke Beijing - mengurangkan senarai sekutu Taiwan yang sedia ada kepada dua belas.

Salah seorang daripada mereka, Tuvalu, kini diawasi dengan teliti, kerana perdana menterinya yang pro-Taiwan baru sahaja kehilangan kerusi parlimennya, menurut keputusan pilihan raya yang dikeluarkan Sabtu.

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Taiwan detects 33 Chinese military aircraft around island

Taipei, Jan 27, 2024 (AFP) -

More than 30 Chinese military aircraft were detected around Taiwan in a 24-hour window, Taipei's defence ministry said Saturday, marking the largest show of force around the island since it held crucial elections.

China claims Taiwan as part of its territory, and has never renounced the use of force to try to bring the self-ruled island under its control.

Ahead of Taiwan's January 13 poll, Beijing warned voters that presidential candidate Lai Ching-te – the current vice president whom China has called a "dangerous separatist" – would bring "war and decline" if chosen to lead.

Lai still won the election, securing an unprecedented third term for the Democratic Progressive Party, which has long rejected China's territorial claim on Taiwan.

In the 24 hours leading up to 6:00 am Saturday (2200 GMT Friday), the Ministry of National Defence detected 33 Chinese military aircraft and seven naval ships operating around Taiwan, it said in a statement.

Thirteen of the aircraft "crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait", it said.

Taiwan's armed forces have "monitored the situation and employed (air patrol) aircraft, Navy vessels, and coastal missile systems in response to the detected activities."

Two Chinese balloons were also detected crossing the sensitive Taiwan Strait, which separates China from the island.

The show of force also came after a visit by two US lawmakers to Taipei to meet president-elect Lai and his running mate Hsiao Bi-khim – criticised by Beijing as an "independence duo."

Lai has in the past been outspoken about the issue – a red line for China – calling himself a "pragmatic worker of Taiwan independence."

But he has moderated his stance and vowed to follow President Tsai Ing-wen's path of maintaining the status quo while bolstering the island's defence capabilities.

Two days after his election, Pacific nation Nauru announced it was switching its diplomatic relations from Taipei to Beijing – reducing Taiwan's already short list of allies to twelve.

One of them, Tuvalu, is now being closely watched, as its pro-Taiwan prime minister just lost his parliamentary seat, according to election results released Saturday.

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